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What’s meant by the ?change-over? switching function with pressure switches?

A pressure switch with the ?change-over? switching function represents a particular version of a pressure switch with two switching outputs acting oppositely to switch two circuits. A ?change-over? closes Savage and simultaneously opens another circuit. Thus a ?change-over? simultaneously fulfils the event of a ?normally open? and also a ?normally closed? contact. Therefore, functioning, a ?change-over? can only ever have one connected circuit closed and one energised.
Application examples of pressure switches with ?change-over? switching function
?Change-over? contacts are used to a much lesser extent in industrial applications compared to the traditional ?normally open? and ?normally closed? variants. However, many applications with simple safety features can be implemented with ?change-over? contacts.
Let?s look at simple machine monitoring, e.g. a coolant unit on a machine tool with visual fault indication (see figure). A pressure switch with a ?change-over? switching function monitors the coolant supply to the tool. If the supply pressure of the coolant is sufficient, then your switching circuit for a green light is manufactured (green light ?on?). If the pump fails, however, and the supply pressure of the coolant drops off, then the switch changes its switching status. It opens the switching circuit for the green light (green light ?off?) and simultaneously closes the switching circuit for the yellow warning light (yellow light ?on?).Thus the device operator gets a primary visual feedback of any interruption at the coolant supply unit. Naturally, with the appropriate connection, the ?change-over? could switch other connected loads in place of a warning light, that could, for example, shut the machine down or sound a warning hooter.
Usage of mechanical versus electronic pressure switches
Through an ever-increasing degree of automation, even yet in simple machinery, in the last years there’s been a greater usage of mechanical switches with ?normally open? and ?normally closed? as redundant safety monitoring for the continuous monitoring with sensors. The most recent developments in modern electronic switches provide operator, through the simultaneous provision of switching and analogue output signals, a lot better range of opportunities in the design of safety control. Thus, a control with the assistance of electronic switches can ? through the analogue signal ? continuously monitor system pressure, temperature or level, while also, concurrently ? through the evaluation of the switch contacts ? fulfilling an independent safety function through the tabs on critical states, whereby hazards to personnel and machinery can be prevented.
Apart from ?change-over?, manufacturers of switches offer a variety of switching functions for several applications, such as for example ?normally closed? or ?normally open?. Using these switching functions, operators can fulfil almost 100 % of most simple control and safety tasks within machine building.
Note
Further information on mechanical pressure switches and electronic pressure switches are available on the WIKA website. Should you need any advice on the selection of the right switch, your contact will gladly assist you to.
Also read our article
What’s meant by the ?normally open? switching function with pressure switches?

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